Wari-Bateshwar is situated on the south bank of an ancient tributary called Kaysa, three kilometers west of the confluence of the old Brahmutra and Arialkhan rivers, 80 km north-east of Dhaka city. On either side of the road is a hilly area of red soil with crop and non-crop fields.
Wari-Bateshwar (Wari Botessor)
Narsingdi was a part of Narayanganj subdivision during the British rule. After the independence of Bangladesh, it was upgraded to Narsingdi subdivision in 1977. At present Narsingdi district consists of six police stations (Narsingdi Sadar, Belab, Manohardi Palash, Raipura and Shibpur). Wari Bateshwar village in Amlab union of Belab upazila of Narsidi district is that ancient archeological site.
Wari-Bateshwar: History & preservation
Hanif Pathan has started a collection of Wari-Botessor archeological specimens. His descendants have preserved all the archeological material along that path. Speaking of archeological sites, the address is called “Hanif Pathan’s house”. The Wari-Bateshwar site is 4 km away from Belab Sadar Upazila. Hanif Pathan first found some ancient stamped silver coins in these villages and suspected that they date from the 4th century BC to the first century BC during the Maurya civilization. Hanif Pathan and Habibulsna Pathan have been working on this for years. Has built a museum on private initiative.
There are a number of archeological monuments surrounded by glass on one side of a house, namely: stamped silver coins, 15-16 centuries old bronze statues found in 1997, ancient pottery found 1-2 times before the excavation of a pond in 1998, 19 centuries before 1968. Bronze 1000s iron-ax and parchment wood, etc. 18th century Manasa Mangal Kavya, 19th century handwritten Qur’an Sharif, Egyptian papyrus (combined papyrus artwork made in the same way that the ancient Egyptians made papyrus). 2/1 of the rhymes are mostly archeological, derived from this Wari-Botessor. Besides, they have some documents of 1971 in their collection. It is thought that in the account of the Greek-Roman writers, the strongest Gangabari in the region east of the contemporary subcontinent of Alexander the Great was identified with the kingdom and its capital, Ganges. Pathan’s claim is that Wari-Bateshwar is that region.
In December 1933, while digging in the village of Wari, workers discovered a coin stored in a pitcher. Local school teacher Hanif Pathan collected 20-30 coins from there. These were the oldest silver coins of Bengal. Thus began the collection of archeological specimens of Wari-Bateshwar. Muhammad Hanif Pathan published a news item in the then weekly ‘Mohammadi’ under the headline ‘Receipt of ancient coins’. In 1956, while digging the broom, the farmer found another mint of silver coins. There were about four thousand coins in that store.
Archaeological excavations have also uncovered ancient forts, ports, roads, sidewalks, terracotta slabs, low-cost stones and glass beads. Four earthen fort walls were also found. Some of the ruined parts of the fort wall, five to seven feet high, still survive. The trench marks on the east side are still visible.
To the south-west and south-east of the fort there is an earthen embankment called Assam Raja Garh, about 5.8 km long and 20 m wide and 10 m high. It probably served as the second fortification of the Wari fort.
Recent archaeological excavations have uncovered, nails, iron ore, tiny balls as a result of melting iron, rusted iron objects, and so on. Analysis of the archeological finds shows that Wari-Bateshwar was both a city and a prosperous trading center. The technology of melting iron at high temperature was introduced and used in this place. Yet many archeological tourists visit the Wari-Bateshwar to find traces of ancient civilization. The Department of Archeology of the Government of Bangladesh is also conducting excavations in the Wari-Bateshwar area.
Originally, the first excavation was done in April 200. Since then, the idea of urban features has been confirmed. The village of Wari-Bateshwar is the oldest site in the history of civilization in the Netherlands by setting a date for the CARB-14 test. The patterns found in it appear to be 2450 years ago, i.e. 450 years before the birth of Christ. Then there was the reign of the Maurya dynasty. This was followed by a second excavation in June 2002. Apart from archeological excavations, one thousand iron artefacts, a few thousand stamped silver coins and a large number of low-value stones have been collected from the Wari Bateshwar area as surface collection from the area. No other region of Bangladesh has been able to collect so many iron patterns, stamped silver and stone statues. Also found are Neolithic-era stone and fossilized wooden tools, carved shields, newly-made vessels made of high-tin bronze, glass putty, Bosnak cisnpod wire, and a variety of terracotta and stone patterns. In the early Middle Ages a long fort called Garh of Assam was found. Such artefacts have been found in significant quantities at Ringartek, Kandua and Sonaramnatala adjoining Wari-Bateshwar. In fact, this archeological site is all over Belab Thana.
According to Habibullah Pathan, traces of the Neolithic and Maurya periods can be found here, but after a long interval only traces of the Pala period can be found. But it is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. According to him, Rome or Southeast Asia also had water links with this area at that time. Because there is now a dried up river next to the village, it was once known as the Brahmaputra. And not only in the past, but also in the riparian areas of the river. The same may have happened in the case of Wari-Botessorr.
Wari and Bateshwar are two villages in Belab upazila of Narsingdi. Different archeological material was often found in these two villages. In December 1933, while digging in the village of Wari, workers found coins in a container. Mr. Mohammad Hanif Pathan, a local school teacher, collected 20-30 coins from there. These were the oldest silver coins of Bengal. This was the first attempt to collect archeological specimens of Wari-Bateswara. He published a news item in the then weekly Mohammadi entitled “Receiving Ancient Coins”. He was making his son Mr. Habibullah Pathan aware of the various archeological elements in the area. In 1955, two iron bars were abandoned by local workers in the village of Bateshwar. He was overwhelmed when his son Habibullah showed his father the triangular and one-eyed, heavy iron balls. On January 30 of that year, Mr. Hanif sent an article titled “Prehistoric Civilization in East Pakistan” to the daily Azad in the Sunday issue of the daily Azad. Then we find mention of the discovery of various archeological specimens at different times. In March 1956, a farmer from the village of Wari found a treasure trove of minted silver coins while digging in the soil. There were at least four thousand coins in that store. The weight was nine ounces. He sold the brooms to the silverware at the rate of eighty rupees. Habibullah Pathan was then a ninth grader, so for only Tk. 720 Mr. Habibullah Pathan was an unpaid collector of Dhaka Museum from 1974-1975. He then donated a significant number of stamped coins, stone beads, iron axes and spears to the museum for research. At that time he donated thirty iron axes from Ringertech village to the museum. Around 196 AD, Shahbuddin of Wari village recovered a collection of 33 bronze pots from the ground. He could not collect them even after repeated swearing, but later Shahabuddin sold them to a bhangari for only 200 rupees. Mr. Habibullah Pathan once paid a small sum of money to the local children and teenagers in exchange for the collection of antiquities and began to collect undiscovered invaluable archeological artifacts from the Wari-Bateshwar area. His diligent efforts led to the discovery of rare monuments of Bengal, such as Vishnupatta, bronze galloping horses, high-quality new pottery, Shiva offerings, fragments of relic caskets, earthenware, ballast, new Stone seals, gems, turtles, elephants, lions, ducks, insects, flowers, crescents, stars, amulets, terracotta shells, portraits of the sun and various animals, rings, bronze eagles, thousands of low-value stones and glass Bead.
Map Of Wari-Bateshwar
Wari-Bateshwar is an important archeological site in Bangladesh. It is located 70 km north-east of the capital city Dhaka and about 3 km west of Belabo upazila in Narsingdi district. Wari and Bateshwar as well as two villages. Wari larger in size. The village has long been known as the site of two stamped silver coins. Different archeological material was often found in the two villages. It is believed that the city was formed here two and a half to three thousand years ago.
Wari-Botessor Travel Guide
The possibility of archeological finds in this undiscovered Wari-Bateswara has been buzzing for a long time. Mr. Mohammad Hanif Pathan (1901-1979), a local schoolteacher, brought the first Wari-Bateshwar to the notice of the affluent society in the 1930s. Later his son Mr. Habibullah Pathan started writing in newspapers highlighting the importance of the place. Archaeologists have repeatedly spoken out, but excavations have not been carried out. Finally, in 2000, excavations began at the initiative of the Department of Archeology, Jahangirnagar University. The excavation was led by Mr. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman, the head of the department, Mr. Mizanur Rahman was the deputy leader, and the students of the Department of Archeology of Jahangirnagar University were active in the entire excavation. And the cooperation of the local people was also worth mentioning. Grameen Phone, a mobile phone service provider, came forward to patronize them. When the ninth phase of excavation began on January 9, 2010, for the first time, the Ministry of Culture came forward to provide financial support.
Archaeological excavations at Wari-Bateshwar have uncovered about two and a half thousand years old forts, ports, roads, sidewalks, terracotta slabs, low-value stone and glass beads, and the oldest stamped silver coins of the subcontinent, including coins. Specialist architects have already begun research on the inverted-pyramid-shaped architecture. The four rock patterns found here seem to date back to the Stone Age. In light of the Neolithic tools found, they may have been used here in the middle of the second millennium BC. The duration of the huge iron ax and spear blade has not yet been determined. However, Dr. Based on the chemical tests of the universe, these are thought to be 700-400 BC. Printed silver coins are likely to have been in circulation during the Maurya period (320 BC-18 BC). Glass beads were probably in vogue from the 4th century BC to the 1st century AD. Archaeological excavations at Wari in 2000 at the initiative of the International Center for the Study of Bengali Art examined two carbon-14s of North Indian black smooth pottery, rolled pottery, nubbed pottery, etc. In that test, the settlement of Wari has been confirmed to be 450 BC.
Votive stupas of stone and terracotta are available from Sonarutla village. The method of construction and the technique of burning are thought to have been used in the Copper Age. In West Bengal, a group of people who settled in the Panduraja mound during the Copper Age (1600 BC-1400 BC) made gray, red and black pottery with the imprint of rice bran. The tradition of making bricks and pottery by mixing paddy or rice husk in the clay is a sign of the long-standing culture in the region.
The village of Wari has a square average and trench with a length of 633 m. The average and trench marks are almost extinct except for the trench on the east side. Another external gorge and moat with a length of 6 km extends from the village of Sonarutla to the border of the Andial Khan River over the villages of Bateshwar Haniyabaid, Rajarbagh and Amlab. The locals call it “Assam Raja Garh”. Two such defensive walls are indicative of important commercial or administrative centers, which is also one of the conditions for urbanization.
An ancient paved road 18 meters long, 6 meters wide and 30 centimeters thick was discovered in the village of Wari during the excavation of Jahangirnagar University in March-April 2004. Pieces of brick, lime, pieces of North Indian black smooth pottery have been used in the construction of the road, along with small pieces of iron with laterite clay. Jahangirnagar University, head of the Department of Archeology. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman claims that it is two and a half thousand years old. Dilip Kumar Chakraborty, Professor, Department of Archeology, University of Cambridge, is of the opinion that such a long and wide road has never been discovered before in the second urbanization civilization in the entire Gangetic valley. The second urbanization in the Gangetic valley refers to the period of urbanization after the Indus Valley Civilization. As a result, what is said to have been discovered is not only in Bangladesh, but also the oldest road in India after the Indus Valley Civilization.
Wari-Bateshwar is situated on a high plateau of flood-plain gold on the south bank of a dry riverbed called Koyra, near the confluence of the old Brahmaputra and Andrial Khan rivers. Considering the geographical location, the ancient historical period has made this archeological site more and more clear as a center of foreign trade. From Ptolemy’s account, Mr. Dilip Kumar Chakraborty speculates that in the early historical period, Wari-Bateshwar served as an entry port for the collection and distribution of goods from Southeast Asia and the Roman Empire. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman wanted to establish this idea firmly.
How To Go Wari-Botessor
By bus from Dhaka (BRTC, Anyanya Super, Jatayat, Haor Bilash or any bus in Sylhet Kishoreganj Brahmanbaria) Get off the Dhaka-Sylhet highway at Marjal or Baricha Sustain and add CNG to Belab Bazar by rickshaw directly from Wari Bateshwar or Morjal / Barcha Go to Bateshwar.
Let’s Travel To Wari-Bateshwar
Wari-Bateshwar is an important archeological site in Bangladesh. The villages of Wari and Bateshwar, located about three kilometers west of Belab upazila in Narsingdi district, have long been known as the source of two stamped silver coins. Intensive excavations and limited archaeological excavations have uncovered two and a half thousand year old forts in these two villages, located on the eastern border of the Madhupur Garh, formed during the Gleastocene period.
Archaeological excavations have uncovered at the Wari site. 600 m x 600 m. Four earthen fort walls of size. Some of the ruined parts of the fort wall, 5-7 feet high, still survive. There are also moats around the fort (although over time it has been filled with soil). Although filled, the trench marks on the eastern edge are still visible. About 5.8 km to the west, south-west and south-east of the fort. Long, 20 m. Wide and 10 m. There is an earthen embankment called Garh, a high Assam king. Probably it served as the second fort wall to defend Wari fort. Nagarjunkund in India is another example of such a two-tiered fort wall.