Habiganj is the name of a historical town where the rivers Khowai, Karangi Sutang, Bijna, Ratna etc. are intertwined with the memory of Syed Nasir Uddin, a follower of Sufi saint Hazrat Shahjalal. Syed Habib Ullah, the son of Syed Hedayet Ullah, a descendant of Syed Sultan, the founder of the historic Sultansi Habeli, established a ganj or bazaar on the banks of the river Khowai. According to his name, it became Habibganj.
During the British rule, Habiganj was declared a subdivision in 1867 and Habiganj subdivision was formed in 1878. Habiganj Thana was formed on 08 April 1893 by Notification No. 273 of the Assam Provincial Government. Later the office of Circle Officer (Development) was established in 1960 and the last one was upgraded to the district on 01 March 1984 (17 Falgun 1390 Bangla).
Habiganj district is located 23° 57″ to 24° 44″ north latitude and 91° 10 ” to 91° 40″ east longitude. The area of Habiganj District is 2636 sq km. Boundaries: Sunamganj and Sylhet districts in the north, Moulvibazar district in the east, Tripura state of India in the south and Kishoreganj and Brahmanbaria districts in the west.
History Of Habiganj District
Habiganj is the name of a historical town where the rivers Khowai, Karangi Sutang, Bijna, Ratna etc. are intertwined with the memory of Syed Nasir Uddin, a follower of Sufi saint Hazrat Shahjalal. Syed Habib Ullah, the son of Syed Hedayet Ullah, a descendant of Syed Sultan, the founder of the historic Sultansi Habeli, established a ganj or bazaar on the banks of the river Khowai. According to his name, it became Habibganj from Habibganj. During the British rule, Habiganj was declared a subdivision in 1867 and Habiganj subdivision was formed in 1878. Habiganj Thana was formed on 07 April 1893 by Notification No. 273 of the Assam Provincial Government. Later the office of Circle Officer (Development) was established in 1970 and the last one was upgraded to the district on 01 March 1984 (17 Falgun 1390 Bangla). It covers an area of 2636.58 sq km and is bounded on the north by Sunamganj district, on the south by the Indian state of Tripura, on the east by Moulvibazar and Sylhet districts and on the west by Brahmanbaria and Kishoreganj districts. The evergreen tea gardens with two leaf buds, wide horizons on the horizon and dense forests rich in biodiversity have made this town a distinct entity.
Upazilas and unions Of Habiganj District
Name of the upazilas of Habiganj district:
1. Madhabpur 2. Baniachang 3. Chunarughat 4. Arm strength 5. Ajmiriganj 6. Nabiganj 7. Habiganj Sadar 8. Lakhai 9. Shayestaganj
Tradition Of Habiganj Zila
Natural beauty includes rivers, haors, hills and vast plains, lovely tea gardens, rubber plantations, abundance of natural gas and multidimensional features surrounded by natural beauty. Habiganj is a very sacred place in terms of the seriousness of the religious and liberation war. Habiganj is a historical town with rivers like Khowai, Karangi, Sutang, Bijna, etc., which are associated with the memory of Syed Nasir Uddin, a follower of Sufi saint Hazrat Shahjalal. Baniachang, the largest village in Asia, is located here, where there is a 16th century Vaishnava pilgrimage site, Bithangal Akhra, and an ancient historical monument called Uchail Mosque in Habiganj Sadar Upazila. Azela also has an abundance of natural gas, electricity, white-silica-sand. There are 24 chabagans, 243 hectares of land in Satchhari National Park and the Rema Kalenga Sanctuary covering an area of about 6,022 hectares is a land where rare species of animals roam freely. The present government is working to make Bangladesh a developed country between 2021 and 2041. Following this, an action plan has been adopted to attract every district of Bangladesh to tourism. The district’s Rema Kalenga Sanctuary has been selected for district-branding to make Habiganj district one of the tourist districts of Bangladesh with the aim of making it known in the country and abroad through branding of a particular subject.
Rivers Of Habiganj
Habiganj has a significant number of rivers. Kushiyara, Khowai, Sutang, Ratna, Shutki, Sonai, Karangi, Jhingri, Bheramohana, Barak, Bijna etc. All of the rivers are ancient. The main river here is Khowai.
Khowai is a border river. Originating in the Atharomura hills of the Indian state of Tripura, it entered Bangladesh through a border point called Balla in Chunarughat upazila of Habiganj district. Then it flows north-east from Chunarughat. It flows from Habiganj Sadar through Baniachang and Lakhai upazilas and falls into Kalni river of Lakhai upazila. From Habiganj Sadar it flows a little crookedly towards the west and falls into Kalni. The length of the river in Bangladesh is 94 km. The river is 70 meters wide near Shayestaganj. The maximum depth of water is 6 meters. The area of the basin is 435 sq km.
Map Of Habiganj District
Habiganj is a unique green land surrounded by evergreen tea gardens and horizon haors. Located in the northeastern part of Bangladesh, the district is rich in natural beauty, rivers, haors, hills and vast plains, beautiful tea-gardens, rubber plantations, natural gas-rich natural nature surrounded by multidimensional features. Habiganj district, rich in ‘one twenty two leaves’ tea garden, is also a very sacred place in terms of religious and liberation war sentiments. The diverse lifestyle and distinct culture of the small anthropological communities scattered in Habiganj’s Chunarughat, Madhabpur and Bahubal upazilas have given a different dimension to the identity of this district. All in all, Habiganj district is like a small part of Bangladesh.
Language and culture Of Habiganj District
Although it belongs to the greater Sylhet district, it can be said that the language of Habiganj does not have the features of Sylheti language. It is to be noted that Habiganj district town is located about eighty miles away from Sylhet and due to that distance there is a slight difference in the language style of these two districts. Although Habiganj has been a subdivision of Sylhet district for almost a century, it has never adopted another language. This is a particularly noteworthy and glorious aspect of the language tradition of Habiganj. Needless to say, the people of the outer district are surprised to hear the language of the people of Habiganj. Because despite being under the former Sylhet or greater Sylhet district, there is almost no Sylheti feature in the language of Habiganj.
In this context, it is worth mentioning that Kishoreganj and Netrokona districts of greater Mymensingh on one side of Habiganj district. These two districts are bordered by huge haors and haor areas of Habiganj district. Due to the predominance of naval communication in the past, in the development of literature and culture in Haor and Haoranchal, the origin and development of Jatra Palagan, Jarigan, Kahinikavya, Panchali etc. took place in Haoranchal of Habiganj. In this context, Mymensingh is worth mentioning. In fact, due to the inactivity and indifference of Habiganj, many rich songs, lyric poems, palas, etc. of this region have been taken away and included in Mymensingh Geetika, East Bengal Geetika etc.
By such historical reasoning and evidence it can be established beyond doubt that the language of Habiganj is a traditional and glorious language. By analyzing various aspects of linguistics, the popular language of Habiganj can be easily identified and classified as a grammatical regional language.
Sports And Recreation Of Habiganj
Although Habiganj is a mooseball district, the stadium has a very glorious history. At present, despite the lack of infrastructural and financial support, it has been possible to retain that glory. The Habiganj district sports body is working as the heart of the district sports ground
Habiganj was once prosperous in football and athletics. There were also several notable clubs in the district. During the British and Pakistan rule, the Mohammedan and Town Clubs of Calcutta competed with the East Bengal and Mohun Bagan Clubs of Calcutta. Habiganj footballers regularly took part in Kolkata and Dhaka leagues. Among them, the play of the late Moulad Hossain was able to draw everyone’s attention. Moktar Hossain of Habiganj was the best defender of the country in the 70’s and 80’s. He toured many countries on behalf of the national team. He is currently a member of Habiganj District Sports Association.
Habiganj also has many glorious stories in athletics. Many athletes have achieved excellence in the country. Habiganj’s JKK&HK High School, famous for its sport in school football, is proud to be the West Pakistan Champions. The school is still at the top of the Sylhet division in sports.
Communication System Of Habiganj
Habiganj subdivision was included in Sylhet district from 1874.
Communication system: paved roads (321 km), semi-paved 205 km and 1592 km unpaved roads); Railway 160 km.
The main export products are paddy, fish, shrimp, frog’s foot, dried fish, tea, betel leaf, molasses, rubber, bamboo, natural gas, oil and textile. Habiganj district is an administrative region of Sylhet division in northeastern Bangladesh. Habiganj was turned into a district in 1984. Earlier, Habiganj subdivision was included in Sylhet district from 1874.